OpenSSL commands to check and verify your SSL certificate, key and CSR

Description

It can be useful to check a certificate and key before applying them to your server. The following commands help verify the certificate, key, and CSR (Certificate Signing Request).

Check a certificate

Check a certificate and return information about it (signing authority, expiration date, etc.):

openssl x509 -in server.crt -text -noout

Check a key

Check the SSL key and verify the consistency:

openssl rsa -in server.key -check

Check a CSR

Verify the CSR and print CSR data filled in when generating the CSR:

openssl req -text -noout -verify -in server.csr

Verify a certificate and key matches

These two commands print out md5 checksums of the certificate and key; the checksums can be compared to verify that the certificate and key match.

openssl x509 -noout -modulus -in server.crt| openssl md5
openssl rsa -noout -modulus -in server.key| openssl md5
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